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June 2018

Advice from NHS England on:

Protecting Your Health and Reducing Harm From

Severe Heat and Heatwaves

 

Stay out of the heat:

 

• keep out of the sun between 11am and 3pm

• if you have to go out in the heat, walk in the shade, apply sunscreen and wear a hat

and light scarf

• avoid extreme physical exertion

• wear light, loose-fitting cotton clothes

 

Cool yourself down:


• have plenty of cold drinks, and avoid excess alcohol, caffeine and hot drinks

• eat cold foods, particularly salads and fruit with a high water content

• take a cool shower, bath or body wash

• sprinkle water over the skin or clothing, or keep a damp cloth on the back of your neck

 

Keep your environment cool:

 

• keeping your living space cool is especially important for infants, the elderly or those with chronic health conditions or who can't look after themselves

• place a thermometer in your main living room and bedroom to keep a check on the

Temperature

• keep windows that are exposed to the sun closed during the day, and open windows

at night when the temperature has dropped

• close curtains that receive morning or afternoon sun, however, care should be taken

with metal blinds and dark curtains, as these can absorb heat – consider replacing or

putting reflective material in-between them and the window space

• turn off non-essential lights and electrical equipment – they generate heat

• keep indoor plants and bowls of water in the house as evaporation helps cool the air

• if possible, move into a cooler room, especially for sleeping

 

Look out for others:

 

• keep an eye on isolated, elderly, ill or very young people and make sure they are able to keep cool

• ensure that babies, children or elderly people are not left alone in stationary cars

• check on elderly or sick neighbours, family or friends every day during a heatwave

• be alert and call a doctor or social services if someone is unwell or further help is

needed

 

If you have a health problem:

 

• keep medicines below 25 °C or in the refrigerator (read the storage instructions on the packaging)

• seek medical advice if you are suffering from a chronic medical condition or taking

multiple medications

 

If you or others feel unwell:

 

• try to get help if you feel dizzy, weak, anxious or have intense thirst and headache;

   move to a cool place as soon as possible and measure your body temperature

• drink some water or fruit juice to rehydrate

• rest immediately in a cool place if you have painful muscular spasms (particularly in the legs, arms or abdomen, in many cases after sustained exercise during very hot

weather), and drink oral rehydration solutions containing electrolytes.

• medical attention is needed if heat cramps last more than one hour

• consult your doctor if you feel unusual symptoms or if symptoms persist


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